Winery

A SHORT HISTORY OF KISÖRS- SZŐLŐHEGY (BADACSONYÖRS)

A settlement named Örs is first mentioned in a 13th century document. It was during this time that smaller settlements started forming, splitting off from the original town with names like Nagyörs (Large Örs), Kisörs (Little Örs) and Szőlősörs (Vineyards Örs). According to statistics from 1542, Szőlősörs was a peasant village and Kisörs was where the landowners and nobility lived. Szőlősörs was jointly controlled by the Church and local landowners. In 1548, it came under the control of a landowner named András Csoron. Records show that by 1627, both villages belonged jointly to the noble Eszterházy family and the Devecsér Lordship. In the 17th century, Szőlősörs and Kisörs were joined. The name Kisörs was kept in deference to the more ancient and prestigious village. To this day, the village is simply known as Örs to the locals. The Saint Anthony of Padua chapel was built in 1816. The chapel is decorated with artist Erzsébet Udvardi’s paintings: Saint Anthony’s Fish Sermon and The Three Magi Visiting Jesus.  In 1904, Kisörshegy officially received the ‘Wine Village’ title. It was in 1905 that Dr. Gyula Folly started planting trees on the south side of the mountain which eventually became the site for the arboretum named after him today. The first passenger train arrived here on 9 July 1909. In 1931, a beautifully built, brand-new school opened. Between 1939 and 1941, Route 71 was built through the village. And finally, in 1949, the Interior Minister officially renamed Kisörsszőlőhegy to Badacsonyörs, as it is known today.

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The Badacsony Wine Region:

This wine grape growing region owes its unique terroir to a microclimate created by favourably positioned slopes protected from northern winds and the sunshine reflected off the waters of Lake Balaton. The lake’s thermodynamics also play a major role. The warm waters help to ease any ill-effects of colder air, and the breeze off the lake cools the overheated grape vines on hot summer nights. This large body of water also produces higher humidity. The south-southwestern slopes are protected from harsh weather and have a very favourable climate that could even be described as sub-mediterranean.

It’s not just the weather conditions, but also the soil that is unique. It is partially loess, but as you make your way up, the soil definitely becomes volcanic or basalt. The basalt soaks up the warmth of the Balaton sun and in turn warms the grapevines at night, protecting them from the cold. Limestone and red Permian sandstone soils can also be found in this wine region, and this is the type of soil found here at the Arboretum, for example.

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Folly Arboretum Grape Varieties:

Budai Zöld:

A Hungarian grape variety meaning ‘the green of Buda’, which refers to its origins in the Etyek-Buda wine region, and more broadly the Carpathian basin. Today, it is mostly grown in the Badacsony wine region, paired with the Kéknyelű variety to help pollinate it. The leaves are fleshy, with furry undersides and lace-like edges. It produces abundant, packed clusters and its berries are medium-sized and slightly elongated. It is also prone to rot. Budai Zöld wine is mildly fragrant with fresh but sometimes harsh acidity, citrus and green apple aromas

Vineyard size: 0.8 ha

Vineyard site: Kisörsi-hegy


Szürkebarát (Pinot gris):

Pinot gris has been known since the Middle Ages in the Burgundy region and is thought to be a clone of the Pinot noir variety. Cuttings arrived in Hungary in the late 1300s and were planted by Cistercian monks on the slopes of the Badacsony, where the variety soon became known locally as Szürkebarát, meaning “grey monk”. Pinot gris appeared in Germany much later, towards the end of the 16th century. Today, it can be found in most wine-producing countries, including Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Australia and the United States.

The vine produces small, dense clusters. Its wine is full-bodied and crisp. In Hungary, semi-sweet and dry wines are produced from this variety using a longer ageing process. Our Szürkebarát wine is aged for nine months in small oak barrels. The end result is a silky palate with green apple, citrus and spicy aromas. Excellent paired with fish, white meats and salads.

Vineyard size: 1 ha

Vineyard site: Kisörsi-hegy

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Olaszrizling:

The origins of this variety are not exactly known. It is probably not Italian (which is what the word “olasz” means), it may be French or Balkan and it is decidedly not a Riesling. The most widespread grape variety here in Hungary, it was brought from France in the mid-19th century mainly to replace the large amounts of grapes lost after the phylloxera epidemic. It has since flourished and produces better results here than in its homeland. Its clusters are small and dense with small, yellow, round and thin-skinned berries. The aromas of the wine are frequently reminiscent of bitter almonds. The degree of its generally mild acidity fluctuates according to the region it is grown in. It starts out mildest in the Csopak region, becoming more acidic towards Badacsony. Olaszrizling is a late-harvest grape, so it favours warmer climates and south-facing slopes. It generally produces harvests of consistent quality, only occasionally falling prey to rot or powdery mildew. Our Olaszrizling wine is fermented and aged in oak barrels for nine months. The finished product bears the characteristics of both the region and the variety.

Vineyard size: 1.5 ha

Vineyard site: Kisörsi-hegy


Muscat Ottonel:

Muscat is one of the oldest white grape families in the world. Among its many varieties are grapes used for raisins, juice, schnapps or just to enjoy fresh off the vine. The grape’s high sugar content means the warmer the climate, the easier it is to make sweet wine from it. In the Badacsony region, it is used mainly to make dry wines. The wine actually tastes of grapes, which is one reason it is so popular. Because of its high acidity, muscat wines can be aged for longer periods. Our Muscat Ottonel wine boasts heady floral aromas, with apricot and cooling citrus undertones, fresh green characteristics and a hint of orange in the finish. Excellent paired with meats and salads, but also great with dessert.

Vineyard size: 1 ha

Vineyard site: Szénégető-dűlő


Kéknyelű (Blue stalk):

Kéknyelű is a Hungarian grape variety grown only in the Badacsony and Balaton Uplands regions. This variety gets its name from its blue-hued stalk. Its berries are medium-sized, greenish-white and thick-skinned. Kéknyelű is the female counterpart to the Budai Zöld variety – they are generally planted together for pollination purposes. The wind plays a big role in the pollination process as well. This late harvest variety is usually harvested from mid to late October. This is why its must weight depends heavily on the vintage. Before the phylloxera epidemic, it was a popular and expensive wine. Today, more and more people are looking for unique, terroir wines and more cellars are producing 100% Kéknyelű wine to meet these demands. To keep and increase the popularity of this variety, Badacsony hosts an annual ‘Flowering Kéknyelű’ festival. The wine is light in color with low-key aromas, mostly stone fruit and citrus, but sometimes floral and herbal.

Vineyard size: 0.3 ha

Vineyard site: Kisörsi-hegy


Rajnai Rizling:

Rhine Riesling, as it is known here in Hungary, is a white grape variety originally from Germany. Its clusters are small, dense and sometimes irregularly shaped. In Hungary, it can be harvested any time from the end of September. The grapes are prone to rot and sensitive to powder mildew, but their wine is full-bodied and balanced out by a finer acidity with high dry extract content. The character of the wine is influenced by where it is grown and how it is produced, making the end results very versatile from light, acidic wines to intensely sweet dessert wines.

Vineyard size: 0.3 ha

Vineyard site: Kisörsi-hegy

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